Belong – Relationships – Move On – Achieve
RSHE (Relationship, Sex and Health Education) Statement
This statement outlines our commitment to provide effective Relationships, Sex and Health Education for all students in support of that offered by parents, who are the first educators of their children in this area. We acknowledge that not all parents feel confident or comfortable talking to their children about this area therefore our work in school ensures that all students have the information they need to keep safe and make positive, healthy choices.
RSHE is lifelong learning about physical, moral and emotional development. Through RSHE our students learn about relationships, diversity, respect, healthy lifestyles, safety, the body and how it changes, reproduction and birth - all in a sensitive and age-appropriate way.
This statement has been written with regard to the DfE Relationships Education, Relationships and Sex Education (RSE) and Health Education guidance 2019 and other relevant guidance documents and statutory requirements.
At Limes Primary, we aim to teach the fundamental building blocks and characteristics of positive relationships, with particular reference to friendships, family relationships, and relationships with other children and adults. This starts with students being taught about what a relationship is, what friendship is, what family means and who the people are who can support them. We aim to cultivate a range of character traits and positive personal attributes including:
- Honesty and Trust
Our RSHE curriculum promotes our school ethos and is underpinned by the school values of ‘Belong, Relationships, Move On and Achieve’.
Through RSHE students are taught how to take turns, how to treat each other with kindness, consideration and respect, the importance of honesty and truthfulness, permission seeking and giving, and the concept of personal privacy. Students will learn about the emotional, social and physical aspects of growing up, including the changes that take place at puberty. Students will also learn how to keep themselves safe and to ask for help when they need it.
All teaching in RSHE will take place in a safe learning environment and be underpinned by our school ethos and values. Lessons will be age-appropriate and a variety of opportunities will be provided for students to ask questions to further their understanding. Biological aspects of RSHE are taught within the Science curriculum. RSHE will also be covered in Computing lessons –this will include teaching pupils how to be safe online, and how to combat cyberbullying.
During their time at Limes Primary, students learn key knowledge and skills to help keep them safe and prepare them for adult life by -
- Developing knowledge and understanding of positive and healthy relationships and the importance of commitment
- Making students aware of their rights especially in relation to their bodies
- Enabling the development of social and relationship skills and protective behaviours
- Preparing students for the physical and emotional changes of puberty
- Developing understanding of reproduction and birth within the context of loving and caring relationships
- Exploring a range of attitudes, values and faith perspectives around aspects of relationships and sex
- Supporting students to use the internet safely and to recognise the benefits and risks that this brings
- Developing students’ skills around assessing risk and keeping safe
- Enabling students to gain the skills and understanding to support the development of healthy bodies and minds
- Enabling students to recognise and manage their emotions
- Providing students with the knowledge and skills to access appropriate support
Our school values diversity, encourages respect for all and promotes tolerance for, and celebration of, difference. We do not discriminate against students because of any protected characteristic (age, sex, race, disability, religion or belief, gender reassignment, pregnancy or maternity, marriage or civil partnership, or sexual orientation). At times, when there is an identified need, we may take positive action through our planning and delivery of RSHE to deal with disadvantages facing those with a particular characteristic. RSHE will be accessible to all regardless of their gender. Parents and carers are key partners in RSHE and are best placed to support their children to understand how their learning at school fits with their family’s faith, beliefs and values. To support this process, we will ensure that parents are made aware of what will be taught through our admission meetings.
We will use a range of materials and resources that reflect the diversity of our school population and encourage acceptance and tolerance. We want every child and family to feel included, respected and valued. Some students may have experienced adverse childhood experiences that may impact on their ability to engage with RSHE in a variety of ways. Care will be taken to ensure that planning is sensitive to their situations, and where appropriate, parents and carers will be consulted.
A range of different families and relationships will be explored within RSHE. All students whatever their identity, developing identity, or family background need to feel that RSHE is relevant to them and sensitive to their needs. This means that resources and books used will show families of all kinds, including mum/dad, two mums, two dads, fostering, adoption, single parent, extended family and others. This reflects both our school community and wider society.
Right to withdraw -
Historically there was a right to withdraw your child from sex educations lessons. There is no right to withdraw your child from RSHE. Sex education forms part of the National Curriculum for Science and could be taught within these lessons.
By the end of Primary School, students should know -
Families and people who care for me
• that families are important for children growing up because they can give love, security and stability.
• the characteristics of healthy family life, commitment to each other, including in times of difficulty, protection and care for children and other family members, the importance of spending time together and sharing each other’s lives.
• that others’ families, either in school or in the wider world, sometimes look different from their family, but that they should respect those differences and know that other children’s families are also characterised by love and care.
• that stable, caring relationships, which may be of different types, are at the heart of happy families, and are important for children’s security as they grow up.
• that marriage represents a formal and legally recognised commitment of two people to each other which is intended to be lifelong.
• how to recognise if family relationships are making them feel unhappy or unsafe, and how to seek help or advice from others if needed.
• how important friendships are in making us feel happy and secure, and how people choose and make friends.
• the characteristics of friendships, including mutual respect, truthfulness, trustworthiness, loyalty, kindness, generosity, trust, sharing interests and experiences and support with problems and difficulties.
• that healthy friendships are positive and welcoming towards others, and do not make others feel lonely or excluded.
• that most friendships have ups and downs, and that these can often be worked through so that the friendship is repaired or even strengthened, and that resorting to violence is never right.
• how to recognise who to trust and who not to trust, how to judge when a friendship is making them feel unhappy or uncomfortable, managing conflict, how to manage these situations and how to seek help or advice from others, if needed.
• the importance of respecting others, even when they are very different from them (for example, physically, in character, personality or backgrounds), or make different choices or have different preferences or beliefs.
• practical steps they can take in a range of different contexts to improve or support respectful relationships.
• the conventions of courtesy and manners.
• the importance of self-respect and how this links to their own happiness.
• that in school and in wider society they can expect to be treated with respect by others, and that in turn they should show due respect to others, including those in positions of authority.
• about different types of bullying (including cyberbullying), the impact of bullying, responsibilities of bystanders (primarily reporting bullying to an adult) and how to get help.
• what a stereotype is, and how stereotypes can be unfair, negative or destructive.
• the importance of permission-seeking and giving in relationships with friends, peers and adults.
• that people sometimes behave differently online, including by pretending to be someone they are not.
• that the same principles apply to online relationships as to face-toface relationships, including the importance of respect for others online including when we are anonymous.
• the rules and principles for keeping safe online, how to recognise risks, harmful content and contact, and how to report them.
• how to critically consider their online friendships and sources of information including awareness of the risks associated with people they have never met.
• how information and data is shared and used online.
• what sorts of boundaries are appropriate in friendships with peers and others (including in a digital context).
• about the concept of privacy and the implications of it for both children and adults; including that it is not always right to keep secrets if they relate to being safe.
• that each person’s body belongs to them, and the differences between appropriate and inappropriate or unsafe physical, and other, contact.
• how to respond safely and appropriately to adults they may encounter (in all contexts, including online) whom they do not know.
• how to recognise and report feelings of being unsafe or feeling bad about any adult.
• how to ask for advice or help for themselves or others, and to keep trying until they are heard.
• how to report concerns or abuse, and the vocabulary and confidence needed to do so.
• where to get advice e.g. family, school and/or other sources.
• that mental wellbeing is a normal part of daily life, in the same way as physical health.
• that there is a normal range of emotions (e.g. happiness, sadness, anger, fear, surprise, nervousness) and scale of emotions that all humans experience in relation to different experiences and situations.
• how to recognise and talk about their emotions, including having a varied vocabulary of words to use when talking about their own and others’ feelings.
• how to judge whether what they are feeling and how they are behaving is appropriate and proportionate.
• the benefits of physical exercise, time outdoors, community participation, voluntary and service-based activity on mental wellbeing and happiness.
• simple self-care techniques, including the importance of rest, time spent with friends and family and the benefits of hobbies and interests.
• isolation and loneliness can affect children and that it is very important for children to discuss their feelings with an adult and seek support.
• that bullying (including cyberbullying) has a negative and often lasting impact on mental wellbeing.
• where and how to seek support (including recognising the triggers for seeking support), including whom in school they should speak to if they are worried about their own or someone else’s mental wellbeing or ability to control their emotions (including issues arising online).
• it is common for people to experience mental ill health. For many people who do, the problems can be resolved if the right support is made available, especially if accessed early enough.
Internet safety and harms
• that for most people the internet is an integral part of life and has many benefits.
• about the benefits of rationing time spent online, the risks of excessive time spent on electronic devices and the impact of positive and negative content online on their own and others’ mental and physical wellbeing.
• how to consider the effect of their online actions on others and know how to recognise and display respectful behaviour online and the importance of keeping personal information private.
• why social media, some computer games and online gaming, for example, are age restricted.
• that the internet can also be a negative place where online abuse, trolling, bullying and harassment can take place, which can have a negative impact on mental health.
• how to be a discerning consumer of information online including understanding that information, including that from search engines, is ranked, selected and targeted.
• where and how to report concerns and get support with issues online.
Physical health and fitness
• the characteristics and mental and physical benefits of an active lifestyle.
• the importance of building regular exercise into daily and weekly routines and how to achieve this; for example walking or cycling to school, a daily active mile or other forms of regular, vigorous exercise.
• the risks associated with an inactive lifestyle (including obesity).
• how and when to seek support including which adults to speak to in school if they are worried about their health.
• what constitutes a healthy diet (including understanding calories and other nutritional content).
• the principles of planning and preparing a range of healthy meals.
• the characteristics of a poor diet and risks associated with unhealthy eating (including, for example, obesity and tooth decay) and other behaviours (e.g. the impact of alcohol on diet or health).
Drugs, alcohol and tobacco
• the facts about legal and illegal harmful substances and associated risks, including smoking, alcohol use and drug-taking.
Health and prevention
• how to recognise early signs of physical illness, such as weight loss, or unexplained changes to the body.
• about safe and unsafe exposure to the sun, and how to reduce the risk of sun damage, including skin cancer.
• the importance of sufficient good quality sleep for good health and that a lack of sleep can affect weight, mood and ability to learn.
• about dental health and the benefits of good oral hygiene and dental flossing, including regular check-ups at the dentist.
• about personal hygiene and germs including bacteria, viruses, how they are spread and treated, and the importance of handwashing.
• the facts and science relating to allergies, immunisation and vaccination.
Basic first aid
• how to make a clear and efficient call to emergency services if necessary.
• concepts of basic first-aid, for example dealing with common injuries, including head injuries.
Changing adolescent body
• key facts about puberty and the changing adolescent body, particularly from age 9 through to age 11, including physical and emotional changes.
• about menstrual wellbeing including the key facts about the menstrual cycle.
Assessment and Recording:
Teachers assess the children’s work in RSHE by making informal judgements as they observe them during lessons. We have clear expectations of what the pupils will know, understand and be able to do at the end of each key stage. Our monitoring of RSHE is an ongoing process.